خطبات حجۃ الوداع – مروی متون کے مختلف قطعات کی زمانی ترتیب اور استنادی تحقیق (The Sermons of the Prophet (S.A.W) Delivered in Hajjah al-wida - Analysis of Chains and Texts of Different Traditions and their Validation)

  • 3. Dr. Abdul Ghaffar
Keywords: Hujjatul Wida,Hujjaul Balag,Mohadiheen,Timeline of Sermons

Abstract

Reason of Nomenclature of the Hujjatul al Wida’a is that it was the last pilgrimage of the Holy Prophet. It is also known as Hujjatul al Islam' as it was the only pilgrim the Prophet performed after emigration.  Another name is  Hujjatul al Bilagh as the Messenger made the audiences to learn all the problems of Hajj  through sayings, actions and characters and informed about the principles of Islam. Among these names Hujjatul al Wida’a became more famous. In books of Ehadees most of the  narraters used this name. Hujjatul al Wida’a is an important chapter which is present in Ehadees and history. Mohaditheen  in hadith and historians in history mentioned this name according to their approach. So far, numerous Seerat writers tried to combine these sections but  this research could not be done upto the mark. Majority of authors not only managed  the authented Ehadees but also included unauthented narrations regarding Hujjatul al Wida’a. Not only,  in Seerah Books, the timeline of sermons was not maintained but the sermons delivered by Prophet Muhammad ﷺ  at three days and at different times and places were mentioned at one place. Moreover All the three sermons were named as one. In this way some   historical and unauthentic narrations have been have been introduced as Hujjatul al Wida’a. Prophet ﷺ after traveling about eight days entered the Mecca on 2nd  Zil-Hijjah of 10 Hijrah. He went to Mina on 8th Zil-Hijjah  and stayed there till morning of 9th Zil-Hijjah  and delivered His first address in Field of Arafat.  Similarly after performing other Manasak-e-Hajj  He delivered his speeches on 10th and 11th  Zil-Hijjah. Number of companions accompanying him was about one lac forty four thousand. Sermons delivered on these occasions are known by the name of Summary of Islam and Manifesto of Humanity.

Published
2020-09-17
How to Cite
3. Dr. Abdul Ghaffar. (2020). خطبات حجۃ الوداع – مروی متون کے مختلف قطعات کی زمانی ترتیب اور استنادی تحقیق (The Sermons of the Prophet (S.A.W) Delivered in Hajjah al-wida - Analysis of Chains and Texts of Different Traditions and their Validation). Epistemology, 5(1), 43-62. Retrieved from http://journal.epistemology.pk/index.php/epistemology/article/view/101