• 3. Mubasher Abbas
Keywords: freedom, unfreedom, development


Development, from a state’s point of view, is a long steady journey having no certain visible destination. It is an ever-growing concept, meaning, a process of positive change, involving, several other interdependent processes which, if made mutually supportive, can enrich the fate of the state, or hinder it from progress, otherwise. Scarcity of natural resources has always brought nations and states, face to face, to a never-ending competition, in which, they struggle for their survival and race for their existence. In this respect, the concept of development has no longer remained a goal, but a mean to achieve the status of a welfare state. To maintain their position, countries, must follow a steady path of development, by utilizing all their available resources. In these resources, the human resource, above all, is of utmost importance. It is therefore, quite necessary to be utilized on a higher efficiency and at full capacity, by making investments, in the form of human capital. This goal is at the heart of human development approach. Unlike traditional economics that followed the evolutionary course of economic development, human development field tries to explain an analytical understanding of the concept of human welfare, as a pathway to economic success instead of just being an outcome of economic growth. To grasp contemporary abstract connotation of Freedoms and Unfreedoms, the present paper takes a brief overview of their historic evolution. It will not only help to understand their already existing discourse but also enable to carve out further conceptual developments in relation to modern standards of futuristic debate.

How to Cite
3. Mubasher Abbas. (2020). FREEDOMS AND UNFREEDOMS: FROM RELIGION TO PHILOSPHY. Epistemology, 5(1), 23-37. Retrieved from