• Zafar Iqbal Bhatti1, Sadia Asif2, Anila Akbar3, Nazia Ismail4, Kulsoom Najam5


The abstract of the papers fulfills the 5 essential conditions to help the reader to know what the study is all about, firstly the purpose of the study which is to examine the impact of peer scaffolding through process approach. Secondly, the sources from where the data are elicited, it is from 49 EFL learners studying at university. Thirdly, the method which is, according to the researches that participants were randomly assigned to two groups, one the control group and the other experimental group. Fourthly, the general results, after using SPSS 16, enhancement as words per minute average words in some basic areas of writing fluency, , has been pointed out. The researches applied process approach to present the improvement of this peer scaffolding technique on the academic writing of the learners of English as a foreign language. The future implications can definitely bring drastic changes in the domain of EFL. The researchers also mentioned the key terms of this research study.

These five pieces of information from the abstract provides the basic concept of this study and an interesting aspect of EFL by employing a peer scaffolding technique. (Kessler’s Bourassa, 2001), which focused at the point of whether peer scaffolding has any effect on academic writing fluency, through process approach. This abstract analysis can be summarized for better understanding.


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